Peter the Great was one of the most influential and progressive politicians in the history of Russia. His desire for modernization and modernity led to the creation of important reforms that changed the way of life in the country.
One of the most significant projects implemented during his reign was the construction of St. Petersburg.
Why did Peter need a new city in this area? We tell you in the article.
Window to Europe
One of the main reasons why Peter the Great wanted to build a new city was his desire to open Russia to the West and make it more modern and European.
At that time, the country was isolated from Europe and lagged behind in many aspects, including culture, technology and trade. Peter the Great saw the construction of a new city as a way to attract Western ideas, innovations and culture to Russia.
Access to the Baltic Sea
Another reason for the construction of St. Petersburg was the geographical location.
Peter dreamed of a fleet, and it was difficult to build ships in land-based Moscow. In addition, he saw the importance of building a port in the Baltic Sea. The northern region needed strengthening and protection from its neighbors.
Another important reason for the construction of St. Petersburg was the desire of Peter I to strengthen his power and control over the country. According to contemporaries, the emperor did not like Moscow. For him, it was a city of rebels and conspirators, where everyone was preparing to overthrow him from the throne.
Moscow was patriarchal and terribly conservative, and Peter dreamed of change. The construction of St. Petersburg was a symbol of the strength and power of Peter the Great, as well as his desire for reform.
Trade and communication with the West
Despite the marshy terrain along the banks of the Neva, Peter was not afraid to start a grandiose construction. Neither climatic conditions nor natural landscapes frightened him.
Peter understood that in this place he would quickly establish new trade routes, be able to invite famous masters and rulers of other countries. And so it happened.
St. Petersburg, founded by Peter the Great, still retains its importance as a political, cultural and historical center of Russia.
St. Petersburg is a unique city for our country. Unlike any other city, it attracts millions of tourists every year. If you also dream of visiting the northern capital and touching its history, book a cozy room at the Theatre Square Hotel. The 4-star hotel offers its guests first-class service, modern living conditions and attentive staff.